# Mathematics & Statistics

## Avoiding plagiarism

## For Background Information...

**Dictionaries** - for definitions

- MathWorld: a comprehensive online source for math definitions
- Penguin Dictionary of Mathematics

**Encyclopedias** - for topic overviews

- Mathematics 1001 : absolutely everything that matters in mathematics in 1001 bite-sized explanations
- Encyclopedia of Mathematics: "Aimed at high school and college students, this encyclopedia not only covers recent discoveries and basic terms, but also explains the importance of mathematics to society."
- World of mathematics: " ...theories, definitions, discoveries, concepts in the history of mathematical science. The volumes also include biographical entries on the most influential mathematicians from antiquity to the present. "
- CRC Encyclopedia of Mathematics

**Textbooks** - for explanations and classic examples

## Find Articles

**Academic Search Complete** (also searches *Pi in the Sky*)

- to narrow search to *Pi in the Sky* use this link and click "search within this publication"* *

- select* Title, Subject Terms or Abstract *as a search field to increase relevancy* *

*- *use the *Peer Reviewed* limiter to search for peer-reviewed articles only

- truncation symbol: ***** (e.g.* educat** returns educate, education, educating, ...)

**JSTOR** (searches *Mathematics Magazine*, *Math Horizons*, *College Mathematics Journal*)

- go to Advanced Search and choose journals under, "Narrow by discipline and/or publication title"

- truncation symbol: ***** (e.g.* educat** returns educate, education, educating, ...)

- select* Title *as a search field to increase relevancy* *

- truncation symbol: ***** (e.g.* educat** returns educate, education, educating, ...)

## Truncation * $

## Contact me

## Information Search Process

http://webapps3.tlc.ucalgary.ca:9080/wispr/app

- To access all the associated text, log in using
as both username and password*guest*

Bedfordshire Bat Group,* Bat Lit 2005*, July 2009, available online at http://www.bedsbatgroup.org.uk/chiroptrivia/batlit2005.html. [comic by B. Watterson]

## For Ideas...

**Steven Strogatz on the Elements of Math:**

Fifteen New York Times blog posts by an award-winning math professor covering math topics from "the basics to the baffling". These are also excellent examples of writing about math for the non-mathematician.

**Browse the journals listed on your assignment:**

- Mathematics Magazine print version | online version
- Math Horizons
- College Mathematics Journal (1984-2007)
- Pi in the Sky print version | searchable online version (2008-present) | pdf online version (all volumes)

**Browse texts listed in your syllabus:**

**Browse "popular works" in mathematics** (i.e. math for non-mathematicians)

**Browse mathematical recreations books** (e.g. math puzzles, games)

**Browse math books in Doucette (call numbers starting with 510) **

**Math Resources Wiki **(by the Education Librarian, Barb Brydges):

- mostly teaching resources, but another good resource for ideas

**(Wikipedia - as a starting point; use the references)**

**Then:**

- Skim articles for topics that interest you
- Look for issues surrounding the topic
- Use keywords from the source in other databases
- Look at, and follow up on the bibliographies of the above sources to see if the topic is appropriate
- Figure out if there is enough on your topic for a paper by searching databases

## Boolean Operators

**AND**: results with **both** terms; decreases the # of results

**OR**: results with * either* term; increases the # of results

**NOT**: results with the first term but not the second

Banana Split (vanilla ice cream, chocolate and strawberry sauces)

## Referencing & Citing

**Within Your Paper**

- Place the number of your reference in square brackets.

E.g. Edge covers of bipartite graphs were discussed by Norman and Rabin [2]. - If referring to more than one reference, separate the references by a comma.

E.g. For background information on graph theory see [1, 2, 3]

**References in your reference list (i.e. bibliography)**

**Books**

Format |
[reference #] Author(s), Book Title in Italics, edition (if available), Publisher, Place of publication, year published. |

Highlighted example | [1] G. Chartrand and L. Lesniak, Graphs and Digraphs, 3rd ed., Chapman and Hall, Boca Raton, 2000. |

>2 authors | [#] T. W. Haynes, S. T. Hedetniemi, and P. J. Slater, Fundamentals of Domination in Graphs, Marcel Dekker, New York, 1998. |

**Chapter in a Book (only where chapter author and book author differ)
**

Format |
[reference #] Authors, Book Title in Italics, Chapter title (book editors, if available, in brackets), Publisher, Place of publication, year published, page numbers. |

Highlighted example | [6] W. Whiteley, Handbook of Discrete and Computational Geometry, Rigidity and Scene Analysis (J.E. Goodman and J. O'Rourke, eds.), Chapman & Hall / CRC Press, 2006, pp. 1327-1354. |

** **

**Book from a numbered series**

Format |
[reference #] Authors, Book title in italics, Series Title, vol. # , Publisher, year published. |

Highlighted example | [4] A. C. Thompson, Minkowski geometry, Encyclopedia of Mathematics and its Applications, vol. 63, Cambridge University Press, 1996. |

Example | [#] B. Grunbaum, Configurations of points and lines, Graduate Studies in Mathematics, vol. 109, American Mathematical Society, 2009. |

**Journal Articles**

Format |
[reference #] Authors, Article title in italics, Journal Title volume in bold, (year in brackets), issue (optional), page numbers. |

Highlighted example |
[3] R. Z. Norman and M. O. Rabin, An algorithm for a minimum cover of a graph, Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society 10 (1959), 315-319. |

>2 authors | [#] A. S. Kechris, V. Pestov, and S. Todorcevic, Fraissé limits, Ramsey theory, and topological dynamics of automorphism groups, Geometric and Functional Analysis 15 (2005), no. 1, 106-189. |

With an issue # | [#] J. Nesetril and V. Rodl, Ramsey classes of set systems, Journal of Combinatorial Theory Series A 34 (1983), no. 2, 183-201. |

**Encyclopedia**

Format |
[reference #] Authors, Title in Italics, edition (if available), Publisher, Place of publication, year published. |

Highlighted example | [5] E. W. Weisstein, The CRC encyclopedia of mathematics, 3rd ed., CRC Press, Boca Raton, 2009. |

Online (note that there is no place of publication) |
[#] N. J. A. Sloane and S. Ploufe, The encyclopedia of integer sequences, Academic Press, 1995, available online at http://www.research.att.com/~njas/sequences/. |

**Conference**

Format |
[# of reference] Authors, Abstract title in italics, Conference TItle, vol (if available), publisher, year, page numbers. |

Highlighted example |
[2]F. V. Fomin, P. A. Golovach, and J. Kratochvil, On tractability of cops and robbers game, Fifth IFIP International Conference On Theoretical Computer Science (IFIP TCS), vol. 273, Springer, 2008, pp. 171-185. |

Web site

Format | [# of reference] Authors, Title of website in italics, year, available online at URL. |

Highlighted examples (the first is an online encyclopedia) | [#] N. J. A. Sloane and S. Ploufe, The encyclopedia of integer
sequences, Academic Press, 1995, available online at
http://www.research.att.com/~njas/sequences/[#] M. I. Hartley, Polytopes derived from sporadic simple groups:
Auxiliary information, 2006, available online at
http://www.abstract-polytopes.com/sporpolys/. |

**Organizing Your References List**

- Title the list: References
- Order each reference alphabetically by first author
- Number each reference with a number in square brackets
- E.g....

References [1] G. Chartrand and L. Lesniak,

*Graphs and Digraphs*, 3rd ed., Chapman and Hall, Boca Raton, 2000.[2] F. V. Fomin, P. A. Golovach, and J. Kratochvil,

*On tractability of cops and robbers**game*, Fifth IFIP International Conference On Theoretical Computer Science (IFIP TCS), vol. 273, Springer, 2008, pp. 171-185.[3] R. Z. Norman and M. O. Rabin,

*An algorithm for a minimum cover of a graph*, Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society**10**(1959), 315-319.[4] A. C. Thompson,

*Minkowski geometry*, Encyclopedia of Mathematics and its Applications, vol. 63, Cambridge University Press, 1996.[5] E. W. Weisstein,

*The CRC encyclopedia of mathematics*, 3rd ed., CRC Press, Boaca Raton, 2009.[6] W. Whiteley,

*Handbook of Discrete and Computational Geometry*, Rigidity and Scene Analysis (J.E. Goodman and J. O'Rourke, eds.), Chapman & Hall / CRC Press, 2006, pp. 1327-1354.

Adapted from references in *Contributions to Discrete Mathematics*, http://cdm.ucalgary.ca/index.php/cdm

## Images and Citing

"Inclusion of print images in a paper is acceptable if that paper is not copied and distributed outside of the institution." (http://library.ucalgary.ca/copyright/images)

**Image Sources**

- Science Photo Library (SPL)
**Use general search terms**- "World's leading provider of science photos"
- >100,000 science, technology & industry, space & astronomy, history of science & medicine and more images

- The Bridgeman History of Science
- Google Advanced Image Search
- For Usage Rights, choose "labeled for reuse" or "labeled for reuse with modification"

- Flickr Advanced Search
- Other image sources (your mileage may vary)

**Citing & Mentioning Figures in Your Paper**

- Citing
- Articles/books: If using the article/book in your paper, you will already have an entry for it in the reference list. In the caption, provide a citation to that entry as you would within your text, adding a page number (see PowerPoint in BlackBoard).

E.g. [3, p. 121] - Web/image databases: No references are necessary in the bibliography/reference list
**BUT**you need to**mention the source in the caption.**

Format: Author**(s)****. Title in italics****,****date, available online at URL**

- Articles/books: If using the article/book in your paper, you will already have an entry for it in the reference list. In the caption, provide a citation to that entry as you would within your text, adding a page number (see PowerPoint in BlackBoard).
- In your paper: Use the full word (i.e. Figure) and number. Start the caption with Figure #: (See examples below)

A sample "paper":

*lorem ipsum lorem ipsum lorem ipsum lorem ipsum mountain hare (Figure 1) lorem ipsum lorem while Figure 2 is a six-storey tall hot air balloon in the shape of the Energizer Bunny lorem ipsum. Figure 2 lorem ipsum lorem ipsum.*

* *

Figure 1: Animals can seem to have personalities.

[D. Shaw, *Mountain hare*, [date unknown], available online at

http://www.sciencephoto.com/images/imagePopUpDetails.html?

pop=1&id=909380062&pviewid=&country=67&search=winter+AND+coats&matchtype=EXACT]

Figure 2: An extremely large hot air balloon.

[mandymooo. *Rocky Mountain Balloon Festival*, 2008, available online at

http://www.flickr.com/photos/prizmatic/2790462118/]

*lorem ipsum lorem ipsum lorem ipsum lorem ipsum lorem ipsum lorem ipsum lorem ipsum lorem ipsum *

- Last Updated: Nov 7, 2017 5:25 PM
- URL: https://library.ucalgary.ca/guides/math
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