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LAW Legal Citation (McGill Guide) Quick Reference

Intended to be a quick reference for footnoting some common types of citations for Canadian legal publications.


The 9th Edition of the McGill Guide prefers the use of neutral citation for cases whenever possible. This standard began between 1997 and 2006 depending on the court. Therefore, citations to cases prior to 1997 do not have neutral citations. Details for Canadian jurisdictional abbreviations are found in Appendix A, page A-5. Canadian Court and Tribunal abbreviations are found in Appendix B2, pages A-15 through A-31. To build a neutral citation: YYYY Abbreviation ### (e.g., 2010 ABPC 229). Specific neutral citation examples in English can be found in Appendix B-3, pp. A-27 through A-31.

New to the 9th: If a neutral citation is available, you do not need to use a parallel citation. Additionally, online case databases now are on par with unofficial reporters in terms of which reporters to select for parallel citations.


Here are some Canadian case citation examples to get you started (Chapter 3):

R v Cole, 2012 SCC 53 at 67.

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation v Keegstra (1986), 77 AR 249, 35 DLR (4th) 76 (CA).

CCH Canadian Ltd v Law Society of Upper Canada, 2004 SCC 13, [2004] 1 SCR 339 at para 8, 2004 CanLII 29320.

Tommy Hilfiger Licensing Inc v International Clothiers Inc, 2004 FCA 252, [2005] 1 FCR 148.

Here are some Foreign case citation examples to get you started (Chapter 7, then by country):

Tulk v Moxhay, [1848] 1 H & Tw 105.

Massachusetts v Environmental Protection Agency, (2007) 549 US 497, 127 S Ct 1438.

Here is an International case citation example to get you started (Chapter 5.2):

Case Concerning Military and Paramilitary Activities in and against Nicaragua (Nicaragua v United States of America) [1986] ICJ Rep No 14.

Print Reporters

Alliance of Canadian Cinema Television and Radio Artists v Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (1990), 91 CLLC 16 (CLRB).

Online Decisions (other than major databases)


VDN Cable Inc, on behalf of a corporation to be incorporated, Toronto, Ontario (January 2005), 2005-1, online: CRTC <> []

Unpublished Cases (Chapter 3.8)

Only cite a case to on-line resources, such as Quicklaw or Westlaw, if there is no print source or neutral citation available for the unpublished case.

R v Syncrude Canada Ltd, 2010 ABPC 154, 2010 CarswellAlta 981 (WL Can).

For an unpublished case without a neutral citation which is not available online, include the full date of the decision, the judicial district, and the docket number as well as the jurisdiction and court.

R v Crete (18 April 1991), Ottawa 97/03674 (Ont Prov Ct).


Alberta Citation of Authorities

The Court of Queen's Bench of Alberta issues a Notice to the Profession for Citation of Authorities. This is NP#2013-06 and was released on November 12, 2013.

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