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LAW Legal Citation (McGill Guide) Quick Reference

Intended to be a quick reference for footnoting some common types of citations for Canadian legal publications.

Books (Chapter 6.2)

Print example:

Philip H Osborne, The Law of Torts, 2d ed (Toronto: Irwin Law, 2003) at 44.

Print example citing to a specific chapter:

Ronald Joseph Delisle & Don Stuart, eds, Evidence: Principles and Problems, 6th ed (Toronto: Carswell, 2001) ch 4.

Electronic example:

Philip H Osborne, The Law of Torts, 3d ed (Toronto: Irwin Law, 2007) at 44 (ebrary – Irwin Law).

Loose-leaf example:

Peter W Hogg, Constitutional Law of Canada 5th ed (Toronto: Carswell, 2007) (loose-leaf updated 2013, release 1), ch 30 at 30-3.

Journal Articles (Chapter 6.1)

Common journal title abbreviations can be found in section 6.1.6.

Electronic examples:

Jesse Givner, "Child Poverty and Social Assistance: Gosselin v Quebec (Attorney General)” (2005) 24 CFLQ 105 (WL Can).

Thomas Mcinerney et al, “Recent Regulatory and Legislative Developments of Interest to Energy Lawyers” (2014) 52 Alta L Rev 453 (QL).

Print examples:

Thomas M Kerr, "Legal and Regulatory Developments: The Path Forward to Advance Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage as a Climate Change Solution" (2007) 11-12 Intl Energy L & Taxation Rev 232.

Steven A Kennett, Arlene J Kwasniak & Alastair R Lucas, “Property Rights and the Legal Framework for Carbon Sequestration on Agricultural Land” (2005-2006) 37 Ottawa L Rev 171.

Government Reports (Chapter 4)

Electronic example:

Canada, Status of Women Canada, Report by the Government of Canada to the UN Commission on Human Rights, Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women (Ottawa: Status of Women Canada, 1998) at 5, online: Government of Canada <>.

Print example:

Alberta, Legislative Assembly, Standing Committee on Resources and Environment in Transcript No 27-3-6 (6 October 2010) at RE-307 (Chair: Ray Prins).

Encyclopedic Digests (Chapter 6.5)

Canadian Encyclopedic Digest (CED):

CED (West 4th), vol 48, title 135 at § 57.

CED 4th (online), Real Property "Right as to Management and Control of Property" (IV.3.(c)) at § 57.

Halsbury's Laws of Canada:

Halsbury's Laws of Canada, vol 78, Real Property (Markham, Ont: LexisNexis Canada, 2012) at HRP-111 "Scope of Land Titles Regime."

Halsbury's Laws of Canada (online), Real Property, "Extates in Land: Land Titles" (I.7.(1)(a) at HRP-111 "Scope of Land Titles Regime."

Other Materials (Chapter 6)

Research paper example (based on 6.21):

Monique M Passelac-Ross, Overview of Provincial Wildlife Laws, (Calgary: Canadian Institute of Resources Law, 2006).

PDF of a non-governmental report:

Amnesty International, Amnesty International Report 2011: The State of the World's Human Rights (11 April 2002), online: Amnesty International <> at 274.

Database example:

International Energy Agency, Key World Energy Statistics (2010), online: OECD iLibrary.

Blog example (

Nigel Bankes, "The Termination of Power Purchase Arrangements in Alberta: What is the Legal Position and What are the Implications of Termination?" (24 March 2016), ABlawg (blog), online: <>.

Website example:

Health Canada, "Brief History of Drug Regulation in Canada" (11 April 2007), online: Health Canada <>.

SSRN example (unpublished articles):

Barbara A Cosens et al, "The Columbia River Treaty and the Dynamics of Transboundary Water Negotiations in a Changing Environment: How Might Climate Change Alter the Game?" (2014) [unpublished], online: SSRN <>.

Book Chapter/Collection of Essays

Alastair Lucas, A., "The Significance of Property Rights in Biotic Sequestration of Carbon" in McHarg et al, eds, Property and the Law in Energy and Natural Resources (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010) 437 at 439.

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