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High School Classes

This guide is created for classes who are attending library instruction sessions at the University of Calgary

What is academic integrity?

= Being honest about where the ideas you're using are coming from
= Recognizing the contribution of others in your scholarship

It can also be referred to as "intellectual honesty". An important aspect to remember about intellectual honesty is this:

"To pass off contributions and ideas of another as one's own is to deprive oneself of the opportunity and challenge to learn and to participate in the scholarly process of acquisition and development of knowledge." - U of C's Statement of Intellectual Honesty.

What is plagiarism?

Plagiarism is "presenting borrowed ideas or wording as if they were your own" (University of Calgary Student Success Centre, 2012). Whether the act of plagiarism is intentional or accidental, the consequences are very serious.

Ways to avoid plagiarism:

  • Cite your sources both within the text of your paper as well as in a reference list at the end.
  • Hand in original assignments for each class. 
  • When taking notes from a source, re-write the ideas in your own words (avoid cut-and-paste) -- unless you plan on using it as a quote.
  • When citing someone else's exact words, use quotation marks AND cite the source. Quote sparingly.
  • Paraphrase properly: make sure you understand the gist, look away, and rewrite in your own words. Think about how this idea fits into the larger scheme of your paper. You still need to cite even when you're not using the author's exact words.

How to cite

There are many different citation styles. Here are just a few:

  • American Psychological Association (APA) - used often in Business
  • IEEE - used in Engineering
  • Council of Science Editors (CSE) - used in Canadian Science programs
  • Modern Language Association (MLA) - used in English
  • Chicago Style - used in History

When not to cite?

You do not need to cite common knowledge (e.g. the sun is bright) or generally known facts (e.g the chemical formula of water is H2O). 

Managing your sources and citations

Most academic libraries offer workshops on these citation management tools:


Excellent web resource to check your citations and style:
Purdue University's Online Writing Lab - 

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