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Background Sources for Primate Ecology and Conservation

Final paper assignment

This guide has resources for both final paper options.

Option 1: Prepare an NSERC proposal for a primate conservation biology field project

Option 2: Write a critical report on an organization active in the conservation of primates

1. Research methods

Sage Research Methods brings together authoritative sources on how to do research. 

Choose "Methodologies" > Methods Browse - try looking at the titles in Fieldwork, Field notes, and Field work roles

Browsing through the Methods Lists (lists of resources that others have put together) might help as well. There's a section on Research Design.

2. a) Evaluating organization websites

The Student Success Centre has put together a short handout on evaluating sources - with a section on looking at organizations' websites.

You should be able to find information in the About, Programs or Facts sections of the websites. The wording can vary, but these are some common ones. 

Remember to consider what you find critically and to cite the website!

2. b) Scholarly sources on primate conservation

The following tools are excellent sources for locating scholarly articles:

Web of Science is a very broad database that covers many disciplines. 

Other best bets: 

Wildlife and Ecology Studies Worldwide

Scopus  - over 40,000 full-text documents on development policy, including many on primate ecology

Google Scholar and Google Books - excellent resources for identifying books and articles referencing a particularly organization

Zoological Record and Biosis Previews (access from same website as Web of Science)


If you choose "All Databases"  when you are in Web of Science - you can search Web of Science BIOSIS and Zoological Record with one search.

3. Citing with AJPA

The American Journal of Physical Anthropology (AJPA) citation style - official guidelines

(Completely fictional) examples for literature cited (i.e. works cited, reference list):

Journal article
Python M. 1979. The importance of the life of Brian. Am J Phys Anthropol 45:15-45.
(In the order: Author's name (or names), year of publication, complete title (using abbreviations found in the Index Medicus), volume, and page range)

Cavatica CA, Pig W. 1952. Unlikely friendships: cross species communication between Araneae and Artiodactyla. New York: Zuckerman.
(In the order: Author's name (or names), year of publication, place of publication, publisher)

The citations should be in alphabetical order by the author(s) last names.

For websites, since there's no example on the official AJPA page, go with thewebsite citation example on page 7 of the Student Success Centre's guide to CSE (which replaced the CBE style mentioned on the AJPA page). 

Trouble finding full text?

Cannot find a  PDF or  Find Full Text icon?


 Do a journal search using the name of the journal. Do we have coverage of that year? 

      If yes, navigate through the journal by looking for the volume, then issue numbers to find your article

      If no, submit an interlibrary loan or ask at a library service desk.

Search tips

Start your search broad (with fewer search terms) and then narrow it down.

Don't be discouraged! Your first search won't be perfect - you'll likely need several searches before you figure out a good combination of search terms. 

Remember to look beyond the first page of results. 

Citation chaining - Once you find one good, relevant article, you can easily find others by looking at the reference list at the end of the article. It can also help you to look at the development of a concept over time, figure out who the major researchers are, and find the "important" articles in an area of research. 

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