Open Access Defined
Open Access (OA) content is scholarly material on the web that is free for the reader to access, and normally free of most licensing and copyright restrictions. The term usually applies to journal articles, but is increasingly applied to other formats (e.g. monographs, reference works, data).
The movement came about due to several factors, including:
Roads to Open Access
There are two main roads to OA, the Green road and the Gold road.
The Green road, or self-archiving, involves depositing article pre-prints and/or post-prints in repositories. These repositories can be institutionally based—such as the University of Calgary's DSpace—or they can be connected to specific disciplines, such as arxiv for Physics or RePEc for Economics. The repositories are inter-operable and can be searched with tools such as Google Scholar, Scopus, and OAIster. Most publishers allow articles to be deposited in these repositories.
The Gold road is OA publishing, mostly involving journals. New fully OA journals are being created; and old journals are being converted. In addition, "hybrid" publishing programs make articles openly accessible on an individual article basis. OA journals employ different methods of paying for the cost of publishing, including: sponsorship, grants, advertising and submission fees. Well-known OA publishers include BioMed Central (BMC) and Public Library of Science (PLoS).
Support for Open Access at the University of Calgary
Libraries and Cultural Resources supports OA in a few ways:
More Information about Open Access
Start with Peter Suber's Open Access Overview. Suber’s site links to many other resources.
For questions or comments, contact:
Collections and Technical Services
Libraries and Cultural Resources
waller [at] ucalgary [dot] ca