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LAW Legal Citation (McGill Guide) Quick Reference

Intended to be a quick reference for footnoting some common types of citations for Canadian legal publications.

Books (Chapter 6.2)

Print example:

Philip H Osborne, The Law of Torts, 2d ed (Toronto: Irwin Law, 2003) at 44.

Print example citing to a specific chapter:

Ronald Joseph Delisle & Don Stuart, eds, Evidence: Principles and Problems, 6th ed (Toronto: Carswell, 2001) ch 4.

Electronic example:

Philip H Osborne, The Law of Torts, 3d ed (Toronto: Irwin Law, 2007) at 44 (ebrary – Irwin Law).

Loose-leaf example:

Peter W Hogg, Constitutional Law of Canada 5th ed (Toronto: Carswell, 2007) (loose-leaf updated 2013, release 1), ch 30 at 30-3.

Journal Articles (Chapter 6.1)

Common journal title abbreviations can be found in section 6.1.6.

Electronic examples:

Jesse Givner, "Child Poverty and Social Assistance: Gosselin v Quebec (Attorney General)” (2005) 24 CFLQ 105 (WL Can).

Thomas Mcinerney et al, “Recent Regulatory and Legislative Developments of Interest to Energy Lawyers” (2014) 52 Alta L Rev 453 (QL).

Print examples:

Thomas M Kerr, "Legal and Regulatory Developments: The Path Forward to Advance Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage as a Climate Change Solution" (2007) 11-12 Intl Energy L & Taxation Rev 232.

Steven A Kennett, Arlene J Kwasniak & Alastair R Lucas, “Property Rights and the Legal Framework for Carbon Sequestration on Agricultural Land” (2005-2006) 37 Ottawa L Rev 171.

Government Reports (Chapter 4)

Electronic example:

Canada, Status of Women Canada, Report by the Government of Canada to the UN Commission on Human Rights, Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women (Ottawa: Status of Women Canada, 1998) at 5, online: Government of Canada <>.

Print example:

Alberta, Legislative Assembly, Standing Committee on Resources and Environment in Transcript No 27-3-6 (6 October 2010) at RE-307 (Chair: Ray Prins).

Encyclopedic Digests (Chapter 6.5)

Canadian Encyclopedic Digest (CED):

CED (West 4th), vol 48, title 135 at § 57.

CED 4th (online), Real Property "Right as to Management and Control of Property" (IV.3.(c)) at § 57.

Halsbury's Laws of Canada:

Halsbury's Laws of Canada, vol 78, Real Property (Markham, Ont: LexisNexis Canada, 2012) at HRP-111 "Scope of Land Titles Regime."

Halsbury's Laws of Canada (online), Real Property, "Extates in Land: Land Titles" (I.7.(1)(a) at HRP-111 "Scope of Land Titles Regime."

Other Materials (Chapter 6)

Research paper example (based on 6.21):

Monique M Passelac-Ross, Overview of Provincial Wildlife Laws, (Calgary: Canadian Institute of Resources Law, 2006).

PDF of a non-governmental report:

Amnesty International, Amnesty International Report 2011: The State of the World's Human Rights (11 April 2002), online: Amnesty International <> at 274.

Database example:

International Energy Agency, Key World Energy Statistics (2010), online: OECD iLibrary.

Blog example (

Nigel Bankes, "The Termination of Power Purchase Arrangements in Alberta: What is the Legal Position and What are the Implications of Termination?" (24 March 2016), ABlawg (blog), online: <>.

Website example:

Health Canada, "Brief History of Drug Regulation in Canada" (11 April 2007), online: Health Canada <>.

SSRN example (unpublished articles):

Barbara A Cosens et al, "The Columbia River Treaty and the Dynamics of Transboundary Water Negotiations in a Changing Environment: How Might Climate Change Alter the Game?" (2014) [unpublished], online: SSRN <>.